2020-21 Winter-Spring Season
The WHSFA is monitoring the evolving situation with COVID-19, and working in concert with state and local health agencies, as well as the DPI, WIAA, NFHS, and similar organizations. For the winter-spring 2020-21 Middle Level and Speech seasons, the WHSFA plans to determine by early November 2020 the extent to which interscholastic contests might still happen in early 2021. A variety of factors and options will be weighed. For group categories, coaches are encouraged to select versatile material that may allow for physical distancing and/or virtual performance.
How Our Speech Contest Series Works
- High schools (grades 9-12) may participate upon joining the WHSFA.
- By early January, schools should be notified by their district chair as to which subdistrict they have been assigned (dates and locations for subdistricts are available above).
NOTE: Invitational festivals or tournaments — as well as regional athletic conference tournaments — are run independently of the WHSFA, and are subject to registration and other protocols established by those respective host schools.
- By the end of January, all coaches must register online, with an accurate roster of adjudicators and student names, certifying interscholastic eligibility (usually handled by an athletic/activities director or an administrator), and assigning students to specific category entries. During that same window, coaches may log back in and make changes to registration, up until three weeks prior to the subdistrict festival. See SpeechWire registration instructions in the Speech Handbook (linked below). As part of the online registration process, coaches book a State Festival time slot (Friday evening or Saturday morning); these are available on a first come, first served basis.
- The State Office will share registration information — as well as a supply of evaluation sheets, radio scripts, and extemporaneous speaking questions — with each subdistrict host, who will use that to schedule and prepare each festival.
- At the subdistrict festival, over the course of three rounds each entry must earn at least two scores of 16 or better to move on to the district level. Using the SpeechWire interface, subdistrict hosts will report advancing entries immediately following their contests, which district chairs will subsequently use to schedule the district festival.
- Coaches will have a brief window to drop students who have advanced, but will not continue to participate after subdistrict, as well as to confirm or modify the adjudicators they plan to bring to the district festival.
- At the district festival, over the course of three rounds each entry must earn at least two scores of 21 or better to move on to the State level. Using the SpeechWire interface, district hosts will report advancing entries immediately following their contests, which will be used to schedule the State Festival.
- Coaches will have a brief window to drop students who have advanced, but will not continue to participate at State, as well as to confirm or modify the adjudicators they plan to bring to State.
- Each entry presents for one round at the State festival. Entries earning 25 points earn a gold medal; entries earning 23-24 points earn a silver medal; entries earning 20-22 points earn a bronze medal; entries earning 5-19 points in a small bronze medal.
Is there a minimum time for presentations?
The WHSFA has traditionally not required a minimum time for presentations, although adjudicators are encouraged to evaluate development — or lack thereof — of each presentation. This should be evaluated in the criterion regarding development in speech categories, and in the criterion regarding understanding meaning in interpretive categories.
What literary material is allowed in interpretive categories?
Material is allowable as long as it fits the literary genre prescribed in the rules for the particular category a contestant is participating in, and it meets content expectations of the contestant’s school/school district administration. Please note that transcribed media, such as YouTube, are categorized by the genre of the source material being performed, and not by the mode of performance itself. This means if a YouTube performer is presenting a prose narrative, the material is categorized as prose, and NOT as drama. For more details on rules, please see the Speech Handbook on the Categories & Topics page. For contestants in Farrago and Solo Acting (Humorous or Serious), students also are required to perform quality material (see definition below), although this standard could be applied to any interpretive category. A side note: for schools participating in national qualifying contests, such as those offered by the NSDA and NCFL, there are more stringent rules pertaining to how the material is published, and coaches should consult those rules, accordingly. Finally, we annotated the descriptions on the Categories & Topics page to include allowed genre(s) for each category.
May YouTube or other videos be transcribed?
No. A transcription not provided by the originator of the material is a violation of copyright law.
Where do I find literary material for interpretive categories?
What is the definition of 'quality material' for Farrago and Solo Acting?
Is stand-up comedy allowed as material?
In Farrago and Solo Acting Humorous/Serious, quality material is required, which “gives insight into human values, motivations, relationships, problems and understandings and is not characterized by sentimentality, violence for its own sake, unmotivated endings or stereotyped characterizations.” It is recommended that such material be sought for all interpretive categories, even if there is no specific evaluation item related to selection of material.
What is the definition of 'drama?'
Can non-drama genres of literature be adapted for performance in Play Acting?
No. Adapting other genres of literature (such as novels or poetry) abuses copyright/intellectual property rights of the material’s original author. We have been asked if an adaptation of another’s work fits the definition of “original,” and the answer is no. Those concepts and ideas are still the intellectual property of the original author. Fortunately, we have a Group Interpretive Reading category, where works of literature that are not drama are perfectly suitable for performance.
Are song lyrics poetry? If not, what literary genre?
Can plays in verse be used in Poetry? Group Interpretive Reading?
May I touch the floor or lie on the floor during a performance?
The rules are silent with regard to touching the floor or lying on the floor. It is a choice performers may make. Although students may not be disqualified for touching the floor, judges can take movement into consideration in the overall evaluation of a student’s performance.
When is it a costume?
How and when do I book a slot for State Speech?
Where and when are contests?
What are the different kinds of Speech contests?
- WHSFA Subdistrict, District, and State. This is the official qualification series for Wisconsin's oldest and largest -- by far -- contest. Each year, 5,000+ students (grades 9-12) perform in three rounds at one of 55 subdistrict contests around the state (each subdistrict has about 5-12 schools). Students need at least two scores of 16 or better to qualify from subdistrict to district. At district, students perform in three rounds at one of 12 district contests (some of the twelve are split into two contests for the sake of logistics and geographic accessibility), where they must earn at least two scores of 20 or better to qualify from district to State. At State, students perform in one around at UW-Madison, and the score they earn determines the medal they are awarded. The vast majority of Wisconsin schools who participate in forensic Speech activities participate in just these three contests.
- Conference. Some (not all) of the athletic conferences around the state run their own conference meet, where the same schools who compete with one another in athletic sports also compete in Speech. Many of these use accumulated points by students to determine a school's overall standing amongst its peers, while others run a full competitive tournament, where students are comparatively ranked against one another, rather than assessed on their own merits.
- Invitational. This is an independent contest put on by the school hosting it, or in partnership with a school administering the contest at a nearby school. While the name implies it is by "invitation only," in most cases, any school who wishes to participate is invited to bring students. When a coach notifies the WHSFA State Office, we are happy to post the contest on our calendar, provided it uses WHSFA rules (limited deviations are allowed). The Wisconsin Forensic Coaches' Association (WFCA) is a volunteer-run league with separate dues, which offers an organized circuit of weekly invitational Speech tournaments that follow a set of rules originally adopted from WHSFA (which, over the years, has evolved independently); these tournaments have no bearing on qualification to the WFCA's open-invitational state tournament.
- NSDA District Qualifier. The National Speech & Debate Association (previously, National Forensic League) was founded in Wisconsin as an honorary society, later adding a national tournament. Top-placing students from 100+ geographic districts across the United States as well as internationally qualify to participate in the world's largest academic competition, held over the course of a week in mid-June. The tournament is considered the Olympics of speech and debate, and its gala awards ceremony is considered the Oscars of our activity.
- NCFL Diocesan Qualifier. The National Catholic Forensic League offers an additional competition experience of national caliber -- held over a condensed but grueling schedule during the Saturday and Sunday of Memorial Day weekend. Local leagues and their qualifying tournaments are loosely arranged by Catholic diocesan boundaries, though the vast majority of membership is comprised of public schools (non-Catholic/other private schools may belong, as well). Each diocesan league sets its own qualification requirements.
As stated above, while there may be various opportunities in a particular area, a school may just participate in subdistrict, district, and State, and still offer students a robust experience. Confused as to how to get started in any of these, or who to contact? Contact the WHSFA State Office, and we'll help you get connected!
How many entries are allowed in high school Speech?
- No more than four (4) entries in Solo Acting Humorous and Serious, combined.
- No more than six (6) entries in Group Interpretive Reading and Play Acting (and no more than four in each). If a school brings 5 or 6 group entries to the State Festival, it must attend on Saturday.
How do I register for contests?
Can a team or individual entries attend a different festival?
- The head coach must request permission of the district chair.
- Inquire with the different festival manager/host if they have space.
- Enter the request for a different festival in SpeechWire.
- Whether the coach is requesting for the whole team, or for individual entry(ies), the coach is required to accompany students -- or another school district employee or vetted school district volunteer may go in the coach's place. Contestants will NOT be allowed to perform without a school official present. Parents are not allowed to fulfill this role unless they have gone through a background check and been vetted by the school as a recognized volunteer. The person accompanying students also should serve as an adjudicator, and as such, must be certified. It is considered rude to request to bring entries to a different festival, but not serve as an adjudicator.
How many Speech adjudicators am I required to have?
What Speech subdistrict am I in?
Who are my local contest coordinators (high school)?
How do I host a festival?
Can homeschool or online school students participate?
Homeschool students may either participate with an area public or private school,** or as part of a homeschool association that joins the WHSFA.
**WHSFA supports the local school district policy for interscholastic athletics/academic contests. For example, if a home-schooled student is allowed to join the basketball team, a home-schooled student may participate in Theatre, Speech, and Debate activities.
Here is the official policy from the WHSFA’s Constitution/Bylaws:
SECTION III: Membership
Wisconsin homeschooled/online/virtual school students:
- Conditions: Students must be members of a homeschool association or enrolled full time in an online school. They cannot participate individually, unless as part of their attendance-area school district, if the school district allows participation.
- Homeschooling associations may apply for membership by registering and paying the yearly dues. Online/virtual schools headquartered in Wisconsin may apply under the same conditions.
- As members, their students are eligible to participate in all WHSFA events in the District/Section where the homeschool association is located. Students living in Wisconsin who are enrolled in online/virtual schools that are members of WHSFA may participate in the subdistrict and district festivals in which the online/virtual school is located.